crisis and from democratic to autocratic Ivory Coast
What lessons have we learned from the following timeline?
2 September 2009
Freak election and army
AT YESTERDAY’S dialogue, writer Catherine Lim posed MM Lee this question: ‘Sir, in the event of a serious threat of a freak election, would you do the unthinkable, that is, send in the army?’ This is an edited extract from Mr Lee’s reply:
One of the first lessons I learnt in politics was from Harold Laski. He said if you don’t have a system that allows fundamental change by consent, you will have a revolution by violence. If we block all possibilities, we must expect violence. In that violence, eventually the army won’t shoot because you are in the wrong. That’s what happens in
Africa, the army goes in and holds up the president and often shoots him.
|UN Force at Ivory Coast Reuters photo|
28 November 2010
|Ivory Coast in Africa|
On 2 December 2010, the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) released provisional results showing that Ouattara had won the election in the second round with 54% of the vote. However the President of the Constitutional Council immediately declared that the results were invalid and the next day, the Constitutional Council declared Gbagbo the winner. Both Gbagbo and Ouattara claimed victory and took the presidential oath of office. The ensuing events led to the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis.
|Ouattara, internationally acknowledged winer|
11 April 2011
End of a dictator in Ivory Coast
|Gbago and wife arrested in a hotel|
Earlier, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said Gbagbo's capture "sends a strong signal to dictators and tyrants throughout the region and throughout the world that they may not ignore the voice of their people in free and fair elections and that there will be consequences for those who cling to power."