Sunday, 26 April 2015

李显龙的华文B,凸显行动党社会服务之不足。


原本想要谈吴作栋的社会研究,突然想到李显龙的谢启#1,也是一种社会服务。这个谢启,如果以新加坡华文 B为标准,应该可以拿到特优;但是,放到华人世界,那就是社会服务不足,大大的降低国际中文水平。

让我们看看什么是国际中文水平。以下是李嘉诚写给李光耀的悼词信:


黯悉李资政辞世,不胜惋悼,哀伤难舍。

资政是世罕其匹、东西一合的历史巨人,笃志结领民心民智,实现有序、自由、公平和仁惠的社会。资政一生果敢磊烈、持守相本、风度庄严、平易近人。身虽同乎万物生死,精神不灭不朽,长存人心。

李氏有缘与资政多次面晤,其思之深,见之远,仁之厚,一切一切仿如昨天,怎不感念畴昔。谨偕小儿泽钜、泽楷敬致深切慰唁,盼总理阁下与家人节哀顺应。
李显龙的中文秘书,以及联合早报,为何没有给予谢启协助?还是,他们认为新加坡华文B的水准能够走遍天下 - 华人世界的天下。还是李显龙认为,自己的华文B很好,新加坡人看得懂就好了,又何必管什么社会服务,华文B只要做到直接传达信息,就可以了。或许,李显龙根本听不到别人的声音,唯我独尊,新加坡哪里找到通晓三语的总理。华文版的谢启,就用英文原稿,以欧式思维,翻译过来就可以了。何必理国际中文的标准呢?

不论是什么原因,李显龙都做不到推广标准华文,提升华文水平的工作。他唯一能够做到的就是推广华文B, 希望新加坡华人的双语,最少有华文B的水平。因此,我们要以华文B的标准来看李显龙的谢启,不能拿谢启和李嘉诚的悼词信相比较。与此同时,我们当然也把自己局限在新加坡这个人小红点内,而不是一个更大的世界。

从华文B,我们看到行动党的社会服务诚意。行动党只是把标准定在新加坡这个小世界,而不是世界标准。这个新加坡标准,还是有选择性的,有些是原文,有些翻译就可以了。难怪,我们经常出现中文翻译的笑话。上梁不正下梁还能够不歪吗?

这样的社会服务让吴作栋看到了危机,挑战,和社会出现雪崩的预兆。事实上,社会服务研究,行动党天天都在做,无时无刻都在进行,只是它的标准,水平出现问题,即使是掌握所有新加坡的信息,还是不懂得推出良好的社会服务,或者选择性的执行一些社会服务,如优先考虑投我一票的选民。

一天到晚研究社会服务,行动党无法掌控未来, 看不到远景。这是吴作栋的忧心,行动党的顾虑,雪崩的背后就是变天。但是,李显龙却陶醉在华文B的谢启里,他没有认为自己华文B的标准,出现什么问题,对社会发出什么启示,什么讯号?这样的社会服务,是不是新加坡人期待的?

政府在国大设立社会服务研究中心,让专家来研究社会服务的动向,原因和面对的挑战。事实上,过去50多年,行动党一直不断收集民间的信息,明的暗的通通都有。行动党一天到晚不停地汇集消息,难道没有研究分析,面对的挑战,和整理社会发展的方向,路线和远景吗?选区划定委员会,难道没有根据社会服务的对象来划分选区吗?

说白了,就是行动党的信息系统和分析能力出了很大的问题。当然,小圈圈思维,唯我独尊的独断独行,更加凸显行动党的危机和雪崩预兆。

行动党看不到远景,搞不清社会发展的趋势,不知道挑战来自哪里,因此,吴作栋在为该中心主持开幕时,才会以‘雪崩’来形容无法预测未来的可怕后果。对于行动党来说,的确如此,行动党将会被雪崩掉,看不清未来,失去政权。

行动党没有做社会服务的研究,谁会相信?新加坡的民间信息,无时无刻不在行动党掌握中。行动党通过本身的党支部,人民协会,职总,非政府组织(如消费者协会),民间团体(公会,会馆),一天到晚的收集资料。即使在经济上,通过金融政策和政联公司,也掌控了大部分的商业消息。更加不用说人口资料,外来投资,产业市场的风吹草动,每一样信息,行动党都掌握的清清楚楚,为何还会面对雪崩的厄运呢?

行动党没有专家,人才分析这些资料,看不到挑战,雪崩的到来?李光耀还说现在的行动党领导人,以及接班人是最优秀的,能力有过之而无不及。而行动党一向很自信的说,我们高薪养廉,我们没有人才,哪一个政党还会出人才。因此,吴作栋的意思是说没有行动党,新加坡社会就会雪崩,因为连行动党都看不清楚,谁还能看得清楚,分析得当。这是没有看清事实,不懂得社会服务的意义。

偏偏就是行动党的小圈圈思维,把社会服务给搞得一塌糊涂。行动党自我定义社会服务,它认为好的,就一定好。它认为坏的,就一定坏。李显龙认为华文B的标准好,行动党就认定了,推而广之,新加坡人也要认定这个好标准。

行动党一向人才济济。怎么会这么容易假手于人,设立研究中心呢? 难道这是做给选民看,投资者看?

据报道:“吴作栋认为,新加坡人口结构改变、科技变化以及社会期望,将是推动本地社会变化的三大因素。我国必须预见这些推动社会变化的因素,并提出创新的解决方案,以应付社会未来的挑战。”#2

这个迟来的所谓社会服务研究,救得了行动党吗?还是,这是雪崩的预兆:行动党的社会服务,达不到人民的期望。

"I can see an avalanche of social issues coming...the social challenges of ...

吴作栋还说: “我国第一个社会调查在1947年由吴庆瑞负责,当年社会主要面对过度拥挤和低识字率两大问题。如今,我国社会气候已改变,而社会气候变化与环境变化一样不易察觉,只能等到趋势不可逆转之后,才看到变化的效应。”

1947年以来,就没有社会调查,你相信吗?即使明的没有,暗也都没有吗?那么,人口报告如何预见未来,公积金养老,医药如何预测未来需求,说白了,这些预测预见,就像是行动党自我定义的华文B,这是行动党的标准,而不是人民的标准。基于这样的标准做出来的预测,当然不合人民的期待,这是行动党的一厢情愿,没有人民共识。
人口结构改变的预测,不是一直在进行吗?难道学者专家,能够跳出行动党的小框框吗?

科技变化的预测,在智慧国的定义下是如何界定,媒体监控,社交媒体的管理,政府难道敢开放自由吗?

社会期望的预测,就是更加令人迷惑。行动党是否尊敬人民的欲望,期待和意见。

行动党所谓的社会服务研究,还是脱离不了行动党的小红点定义,或者说行动党的小框框定义。行动党以本身的利益,本身的出发点来研究社会服务,而不是以新加坡人民的利益和出发点来作为研究标准。李显龙把这个标准定在华文B,行动党希望人民满足于华文B的水平,这样就能继续愚民下去。

但是,李显龙看不到华文B以外的世界,同样的,行动党也看不到小框框定义以外的社会服务标准,这样一来,李显龙和行动党都自我设限,标准越来越低,而人民却看到外面的世界,期待也跟着高了。这一来一往,行动党就只能怪自己眼光短浅,看不到人民的期望,预测不到未来。

李显龙把水准定在华文B,行动党自我设限,把行动党圈起来,以小框框标准来治理新加坡。这样的发展就只有等待社会变化的大雪崩的到来。吴作栋看到了,他感到危机的到来,李显龙呢?还在华文B的梦境里吗?新加坡人呢?我们有选择权的。我们可以对华文B说不,也可以对行动党说不。李显龙和行动党的自我局限,不但害了行动党本身,也害了新加坡。我们现在看到了这个局限,就要加以突破,打开一条新路。

人民有权选择社会服务的标准,而这个标准不是由行动党来定的。这是一条路,新加坡的新未来。

#1
http://www.zaobao.com.sg/special/newsletter/story20150423-471868

#2
http://www.zaobao.com.sg/realtime/singapore/story20150424-472337#sthash.36g114Qn.dpuf

Tuesday, 21 April 2015

The Yees Strategy Caught Singapore (Authority) By Surprise?

I respect the decision of the Yees not to bail Amos out. It must be a very hard and difficult decision for any parent not to bail out their children, not to mention we are an Asian society. Perhaps, this also caught the PAP government by surprise. Is this a strategy? If not, what is the rationale behind this move?

It is really a ‘far bigger problem than Amos Yee’. #2

Is this a depreciation of the Asian value that Lee Kuan Yew and the PAP always champione and uphold? Is this a social change moving ahead of policy change which caught the PAP by surprise? Is the PAP government acting on behalf of ‘silent majority’ or her own ‘group thinking’ inner cycle?

In a normal case, as the Attorney’s General Chambers explained below, it is rather easy to post a bail.

The AGC said Yee "is remanded not because of breach of bail conditions", but because no one posted bail.

The AGC added that Yee's bail is in "non-cash terms". "In other words, the bailors need not deposit the cash value with the Court."


"Instead, they have to pledge that they are good for the money and demonstrate that they are able to effectively ensure attendance of the accused and also ensure his compliance with bail conditions," a spokesperson for AGC said.
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/amos-yee-remanded-as/1792668.html

However, Amos’s parents do not or fail to post a bail. I do not know the real reasons. Strategically speaking, it is an interesting move, perhaps a smart and clever one. It opens up more debates, locally and internationally. It generates more news, some even incorrect.  Amos’s parents may want the society to help to educate his son as they are not able to give a good teaching to his son. It is a family as well as a social problem. If this is a social problem, the PAP government will have a duty to explain.  Singaporeans would like to know the causes.  

The PAP standard operating procedure is to leave everything to the Courts. Whether social or family problems, the Courts make the final judgement and Singapore should not blame the PAP for the behaviour of a naughty boy!   Is this the behaviour of a responsible government?

However, this Amos case is different. People are debating and Singaporeans want to know more, Christians or non-Christians.  Singaporeans also want to know how social media can play a constructive role in a Smart Nation, besides the hard technology (ageing population, healthcare, transport) that the PAP government wants to promote and encourage.    

It is a trial goes beyond Amos and his parents. Singapore is on trial: our education system, our social media, our child protection laws, our government handling of the case, our Court for upgrading the bail, and many more. Amos case is caught between celebrating 50 years of independence and engaging a Smart Nation journey. Looking back the past and seeing future, it exposes our weaknesses and reminds us that the PAP has yet to change as shown in this unique Court case.  They are using old (LKY) laws and thinking to try a case in a Smart Nation.  Based on the old laws and practices, the outcome is expected.
Smart Nation needs innovation and entrepreneurship as PM Lee just announced. Entrepreneurs must take risks and be different.  PM Lee defines urban challenges as healthcare, transport and ageing population. Risks and returns for solving these urban challenges are measurable like the logical problem of finding Cheryl’s birthday#3.  It is a difficult mathematics problem but poses less problems for the PAP scholars.   

PRIME Minister Lee Hsien Loong has called on leading entrepreneurs and investors from around the world to use Singapore as a test bed for solutions to urban challenges such as healthcare, transport and an ageing population.  http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/spore-offers-be-test-bed-urban-solutions


Is social media also an urban challenge in a Smart Nation?  It is certainly a great challenge for the PAP in the social media. And how to effectively engage netizens is an increasing pressing problem for the PAP government. The risks and returns are difficult to calculate as compare to developing a solution in transport or healthcare industry.  Perhaps, PM Lee do not think social media can produce any good business model in our Smart Nation.  He prefers hard technology solution rather than soft solution.

Are we smart enough to solve the Amos problem? This is not a math problem and has different solutions.  However, the PAP government is only willing to offer one standard solution. I wonder this is a workable solution in a Smart Nation.   

#1
http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/no-bailor-yet-teen-online-rant

#2
(https://sg.news.yahoo.com/blogs/singaporescene/what-amos-yee-is-going-through-is-far-bigger-than-101656795.html

#3
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/singapore/11534378/When-is-Cheryls-birthday-The-tricky-math-problem-that-has-everyone-stumped.html


Thursday, 16 April 2015

遗愿未了,遗嘱被绑架,李光耀死不瞑目?


{李光耀一生,读法,懂法,用法,依法治国;解决问题也用法律。因此,遗嘱也是白纸黑字写清楚的法律文件。可惜,在所谓的民意和国家大事下,李光耀故居的善后工作,悬而未决,未必能够依据遗嘱来处理。李光耀走了,他走得安心吗?瞑目吗?他会从棺木里跳出来争取自己的权益吗?}

这样的开头,似乎对往生的李光耀不敬。但是,仔细看了玮玲和显扬两位遗嘱执行人和信托人在4月5日的声明后,李光耀是坚决要把故居拆除掉的。而作为长子的李总理,似乎更加乐意让民意来决定,总理在4月6日的国会上说,暂时不拆除李光耀故居,而把这个问题延后,让以后的政府来处理。

民意、国家大事应该尊重李光耀遗嘱呢?还是,遗嘱应该尊重民意,国家大事的规划呢?李光耀已经没有说话的机会了,他的两位遗嘱执行人,也尽了力,发表声明,强调李光耀对故居拆除的意愿。接下来怎么走,还未定案。

因此,暂时来说,李光耀的遗愿并没有完成。而他的两位遗嘱执行人希望国人理解李光耀的遗愿,尊重李光耀的最后愿望。这么看来,李光耀愿望未了,似乎是死不瞑目。要让李光耀死又瞑目,只能配合他的遗愿,把故居拆除,夷为平地。

建国总理李光耀2013年曾立遗嘱,坚持在他死后拆除欧思礼路住家,即使不拆,也不对外开放。李光耀女儿李玮玲和次子李显扬昨天发表声明说,将严格执行遗嘱,也希望国人尊重父亲遗愿。http://www.wanbao.com.sg/local/story20150413-52361


事情的发展,令人有很多想象的空间。

两位遗嘱执行人选择在国会开会前的一天发表声明。事实上,声明的内容,已经是公开的信息,李光耀生前已经很多次表明,希望拆除故居。他们希望国人尊重这个遗愿,也希望代表民意的国会尊重这个遗愿,因此,选择国会开会前一天,再度提醒国人要尊重这个遗愿。作为遗嘱执行人,他们的责任就是坚决执行这个遗嘱的内容。

为何总理不是遗嘱执行人?可能,李光耀认为贵为总理,他要为国家大事忙,没有时间处理好遗嘱的执行和信托事务。遗嘱执行的事情还是留给其他两位没有涉及政治的孩子来处理比较适当。这或许是李光耀的高招,他一向都看得很远,对于故居的处理,他生前已经看到两种结果,因此,一而再再而三的不断重申,故居要拆除。果然,我们今天看到他的这个顾虑。现在玮玲住在故居,可以暂时不处理,这样解释,李光耀满意吗?瞑目吗?

法律和人情世故

李光耀一向来以尊重法律,严格执法为名。李光耀的遗嘱具有法律效力。因此,两位遗嘱执行人的声明也是通过律师楼来发出。这处处显示,李光耀的身后事,要以合法的途径来处理,完成,并且两位遗嘱执行人要坚定的执行。这符合了李光耀的法治精神。

李光耀生前已经看到很多负面例子,中正纪念堂和机场的更名,好多独裁者的故居,铜像,纪念碑被人破坏。没有人能够意料未来发生的事情,行动党即使保得住政权,也可能像国民党那样,看着老蒋的铜像,纪念碑随着时间的流逝而消失,被破坏,而无奈,无力处理。

现在,因为造神运动造过了火,一时无法停下来,因此,只好借着民意,希望通过民意把故居问题暂时的冻结起来,让以后的政府来处理。但是,火不可以灭,一灭就很难再生火,鼓动起来的民意,更加不可以就这样就灭了。

最大的讽刺-什么是民意?

李光耀认为自己过去所做的一切都是合法,有民意基础,通过国会合理的执行民意。

但是,李光耀做梦也没有想到,自己的白纸黑字的遗嘱,居然在民意下,在国会上,无法顺利执行。两位遗嘱执行人的声明,只能作为民意的参考,而不是最后的决定。两位遗嘱执行人只能呼吁国人尊重李光耀的意愿,而无法完成任务。李光耀自己设计的法制和遗嘱,居然在民意下低头。

延伸来看问题,这也不无道理。过去50年来,我们的法制,法律的执行,事实上和法制法律的原本意愿有时候出现很不相同诠释。内安法,煽动法,诽谤案件,到底是依据民意,还是行动党的一意孤行?行动党打着民意的旗号,国会的大多数,就制定出一套法律制度,然后根据自己的意愿来诠释,来制定经济政策,人口政策,以及如何处理不同政治意见的人。

这样的做法,这样诠释法律精神,就导致今天李光耀本身的遗嘱,无法顺利执行。遗嘱的内容,就如法律法制那样,在诠释的时候,在执行的时候,要根据民意,要根据行动党,要根据国会来走。而不是根据李光耀白纸黑字的遗嘱的内容来执行。呜呼,这样一来,不是反将了自己。

李光耀看得再高再远,算得再准,都无法逃过自己设计的这套诠释法制法律的方法。而继续使用这套做法的人,就是他自己的孩子,以及他领导的行动党。这是命运在作弄李光耀吗?还是政治的现实?李光耀白纸黑字的遗嘱无法顺利执行,这算不算最大的讽刺?这样子,李光耀还能死而瞑目吗?

李光耀往生后,他就已经失去话语权了。他的白纸黑字的遗嘱不一定要根据它的内容来执行,而是要通过所谓的‘民意’,人民的意识,大多数人的意见来处理。而作为长子的李总理,更加不能不考虑这个所谓的政治民意,他需要顺着民情走,而不是他父亲的白纸黑字的遗嘱走。

这令人想起秦始皇。秦始皇白纸黑字的遗嘱是要让长子扶苏继位。可惜,赵高,李斯把内容改了。秦始皇归天后,没有看到遗嘱如何执行,更加无法想象秦朝这么快就完蛋。同样的,李光耀也没有看到自己白纸黑字的遗嘱如何完成,更加无法想象行动党的命运,会是一个怎么样的结果?

秦始皇没有后宫,皇亲国戚干政的问题。但是,秦朝之后,这种现象非常普遍,甚至今天的政治,我们还看到这种现象。马来西亚的纳吉就是一个活生生的例子。李光耀遗嘱的执行,悬而未决,时间拖得越长,人们的想象空间就会越大越多。这对新加坡来说,未必是件好事。对行动党来说,可能火越烧越大,灭不了火,而反烧到自己。

李光耀的遗嘱,遗嘱的全部内容,遗嘱的精神,真的不是那么的简单。如何落实,如何尊重它,如何坚定执行,还真的是一个难题。家事变国事,国事变家事,家家有本难念的经,国国有条难解的法律。这就是今天的真实新加坡!

Sunday, 12 April 2015

Cabinet Changes, A Team and Strategies for General Election


In a closer look at the recent cabinet changes and the so-called preparation for A Team, the PAP is preparing to lose at least one GRC and hopefully, the decline in popularity can be stopped by the passing and remembering of LKY.   

Since GE 2011, the PAP’s popularity has declined. The unpopular Population White Paper, the Little India Riot, the illegal strike of bus drivers, and many other social issues, e.g the SengKang West, rat problems ...etc. have pushed down the PAP’s popularity to below 60%. The passing of LKY has helped to pull up to the support to GE2011 level. Even with 60% support, the PAP can still lose a GRC or more if wrong strategies are applied or some unlucky things (for example, major breakdown of MRT or internet) happen.

What are the strategic implications for this 5th cabinet changes?

PM Lee may be honest and he is showing us the PAP’s 4th generation A Team: Chan Chun Sing, Tan Chuan-Jin, Heng Swee Keat (not affected by the change), Masagos Zulkifli, and perhaps, Liu Tuck Yew. Lim Swee Say as a toothpick minister can be re-used if voters in East Coast GRC give his team another chance. Otherwise, the PAP is preparing to lose this GRC.

The ministers, affected by the recent cabinet changes, are all sitting members of parliament in the hotly contested GRCs in GE2011. These are East Coast, Tampines, Moulmein-Kallang, Marine Parade, and Tanjong Pagar. Chan CS and Tan CJ will have to lead the teams without LKY and Goh Chok Tong respectively. Tanjong Pagar will see the first election after more than 20 years.

The lead ministers in each of the involved GRCs are and will be:

East Coast: Lim Swee Say
Tampines: Heng Swee Keat and Masagos Zulkifli
Moulmein-Kallang: Yaacob Ibrahim and Liu Tuck Yew  
Marine Parade: Tan Chuan-Jin
Tanjong Pagar: Chan Chun Sing

Besides Tanjong Pagar, all these GRCs are located in the east of Singapore and are expected to see life-death competition in the coming GE. These are the GRCs most likely to see further breakthroughs for the opposition.
Traditionally, a GRC will at least have one PAP minister. Even though Lim Swee Say is stepping (and resigning from NTUC) down from his NTUC post, PM Lee still wants to keep him rather than let him retire totally like Wong Kang Seng or Mah Bow Tan. East Coast is vulnerable and it will most likely face the B Team from Workers’ Party.  However, it still needs a lead minister. By injecting a new minister or adding another minister will not change the balance but risk losing one more minister.

Hence, it is better to leave the toothpick minister there. It will be a bonus if voters decide to re-use the toothpick another time and helps the PAP MPs retain their seats.  Otherwise, the PAP is psychologically preparing to lose East Coast. On strategy, it is losing small (toothpick, peanut) but retaining the big (4th generation A Team).

Tampines, Marine Parade and Moulmein-Kallang are all expected to see very tough competition. Perhaps, PM Lee will request Goh Chok Tong to stand again and so all three GRCs will have two ministers or one minister plus a former PM. The PAP is using these three GRCs as defence to prevent the spread of oppositions into other part of Singapore.

How strong is the defence? Will there be another ‘dangerous’ GRC for the PAP?    
 
Tanjong Pagar is an uncontested GRC.  Although a stronghold of the PAP due to LKY, no one can really assess correctly the electoral mood there. In addition, Chan Chun Sing is a controversial figure, especially in social media. In military term, this paper general may need additional support fire and heavy equipment but from where? Who can help him?

If the PAP fails to defend these 5 GRCs, the 4th generation A Team will be gone. If they only lose East Coast, the A Team will be saved. If they only retain half of the remaining four, then half of the A Team is gone.

When we look closer at this so-called A Team, do you think they deserve to remain there?  If not, which GRCs would you like to see the change?  Many will agree, even the PAP supporters, to let Lim Swee Say go. He is not in the A Team, just a toothpick. In the social media, netizens will pick Chan Chun Sing and Liu Tuck Yew.  

PM Lee presents his A Team as a defence to his continuing rule. He is preparing to lose small in East Coast. If the political mood is not in his favour, he wants the A Team to defend and contain the spread of oppositions. This is his simple calculation. If A Team is able to defend their GRCs, fine, PM Lee can continue to lead the government. If A Team fails to defend their GRCs, PM Lee can still be a PM with a reduced majority. This perhaps is a better outcome for him. Without A Team, without succession, PM Lee can extend his retirement further.

Now, do you have a better understanding of the cabinet change and A Team? And maybe a clearer picture of PM Lee’s succession strategy? The lose or win of A Team will not affect PM Lee position if the silent majority in the PAP remains silent. A Team as a political succession plan is not as simple as what you read in the mainstream media. It has a double meaning which the MSM only tells you the half truth and ignoring the voice of silent majority within the PAP.    

It is a win-win situation for PM Lee.  However, is it a win-win situation for the PAP as a sustainable political identity? To a large extent, it is also a win-win question for Singapore. People inside and outside the PAP will have to watch the strategic options of PM Lee closely.

The story of Singapore joining Malaysia and then leaving Malaysia was a win-win situation for LKY and his PAP. But was it a win-win situation for people in Malaysia and Singapore?       

Sunday, 5 April 2015

李光耀的国际视野和多元文化立场,没有在国葬礼上,浮现显灵。


【国葬是一种国际外交。号称世界各国政要出席的李光耀国葬典礼,在国大文化中心举行时,有没有让人留下新加坡的国际视野和多元文艺气氛?】


李光耀风光大葬后,遗留下来的国际观点和大力提倡的多元文化多元种族多元语言的立场,是否能够继续下去?我们听到当下的行动党领袖,处处打着李光耀的旗帜,以继承人自居,要发扬李光耀精神,继续带领新加坡,这是政治骗局还是政治笑话?其实,行动党人也承认,李光耀只有一个,无法复制。如果以国大文化中心的葬礼为指标,我们看不到国际视野和东方文艺元素。而这些,对李光耀来说,又是所谓的治国之本。

李光耀的国葬在国内外嘉宾的隆重庄严的见证下,顺利完成了历史的一幕。作为新加坡最具国际视野的政治人物,最提倡东方文化,又以儒家治国自居的李光耀,他会如何评价自己的葬礼呢?在新加坡国旗的掩盖下,李光耀地下反思,这个国葬,是否满意?

BBC形容这个葬礼具有新加坡特色 - A very Singaporean send-off。(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32082134).它从排队,胡姬花,苏格兰离别曲,李不开你面包,社交媒体的标记,李光耀爱情故事等等来说明这些特色。

那么,在国大国葬典礼上,是否也具有特色?具有李光耀的国际视野和东方传统?

从电视上,我们看到一个有头无尾的现场直播。在国歌过后,现场直播几乎直接结束,连盖着国旗的棺木如何庄严的抬出,都不知道。2200个出席葬礼的人,当然,看到这庄严的 一幕。但是,对千万个在电视旁的观众来说,有点莫名其妙,令人有一种有始无终的感觉。或许,电视台认为李光耀往生后,需要制造这种神秘感 - 无终,一种离不开你,不愿离开的气氛。

总理李显龙在葬礼上的讲话,是否继续李光耀的国际视野,国际观点?他花更多的时间在讲过去,李光耀过去的光荣史,李光耀如何打通新加坡的困境。他本身如何持续这股国际视野?还是有不同的观点?还是打着李光耀精神,就可以走遍天下?他告诉国内外的出席者,新加坡的过去,而不是将来。他的考量是持续一个星期的李光耀效应,在国内政治上捞资本。或许,李显龙根本没有什么国际视野,他就延续李光耀红箱子的秘方,继续以老观点来治国, 继续李光耀的冷战思维。

令人啼笑皆非的是,他在葬礼上提到接班人的问题。行动党的接班人问题,其实就是李光耀的接班人问题。这个接班人问题,和国际上,尤其是民主国家很不一样。听在印度总理莫迪,澳洲总理阿博特,印尼总统佐科等的耳里,不知道是什么滋味?这样的接班人制度,对这些领袖来说,简直是不可能的任务,恐怕连面试的机会都没有了。李光耀的接班人制度,可以说是新加坡的(假)民主特色。

出席国葬礼的各国政要,有没有看到新加坡在后李光耀时代的国际视野?他们来新加坡就是想要沟通,交流,联系和搞好各自的外交关系。当然,也要看看李光耀走后,新加坡的外交路线,李显龙在葬礼上,没有明确说明,只是听到延续,继续发挥李光耀的精神。冷战已经过了,世界面对新挑战,而李显龙似乎只能继续利用高压和严管,内安法对付民意。

新加坡自认多元种族,多元文化,更是亚洲的文化精华的所在,在李光耀眼中,更是儒家思想的实验地,成功的试点。但是,看来看去,好像是西方的翻版,从管弦乐队到棺木入场,有没有看到东方的元素。似乎,新加坡政府更加要表现的是假洋鬼子的那一套。这和躺在棺木里的李光耀大力提倡东方多元文化,大力提倡双语的精神,是否自相矛盾?

华族的二胡,以及马来和印度的乐器,也一样能够达到庄严,哀悼的气氛。这点对于自认双语双文化取得成绩的行动党来说,应该会有一些能人雅士,可以提供意见。而出席国葬的政要,也有机会一睹新加坡独特的文化风采,人文气息。可惜,我们只能硬邦邦,让出席者聆听四种语文的演说,无法利用国际场合,呈现出新加坡的文化特色,难怪,日本的安倍晋三听到睡着了。

看过戴安娜葬礼的人,应该印象深刻。虽然,英国人在西方世界,没有很独特的文化和文化创意,但是,我们还是要佩服那场葬礼,的确为英国加分,给人留下良好的印象。

当然,戴安娜怎么可以和我们的‘一代巨人’李光耀相比,李光耀红遍东西方,又是中国通,又是西方通,又是经济奇才,又是‘独裁者’,还有连天都给足面子,下了一场雨。除了这些自然条件和人为因素外,就如BBC举出的新加坡特色那样,能够历久尤新吗?热潮过后,在没有持续播放相关葬礼后,在国际上还会有几个人记得?或许,他们只能说这是一个在东方国家搞的一个西方国葬典礼,一个机械活动多于文化的葬礼,一个硬实力盖过软实力的国葬。或许,这是李光耀所要的,他的‘没有免费午餐’的逻辑。控制媒体,控制文艺,控制创意,当然,无法想象出戴安娜样式的葬礼。

即使在科技方面,灵车的拍摄过程,似乎也没有动用到最新的科技,例如:高空摄像的Drone 和摄像车队, 整个过程,缺少一种美感,一种文艺气氛。想一想,高空摄像把香港雨伞运动的场面活现出来,还有摄像车如何制造电影的情节。我们把媒体局限起来,把电视广播局限起来,甚至把社交媒体也局限起来,又怎么能拍出美感。

国葬让人民看到新加坡局限的国际视野,局限的多元文化,局限的葬礼美感。继续的留念过去的SG50,继续李光耀的思念,就更加表现出行动党的局限性。行动党把自己和过去困在一起,局限自己,也局限人民。这点新加坡人要分清楚。活着的人是为今天和明天而活,我们必须摆脱行动党的局限。

新加坡的未来不是梦,更加不能局限在行动党的梦中。在葬礼中,我们看到行动党的国际视野和文化局限。反思葬礼的不足和局限,我们要以一种超越行动党的态度来看后李光耀时代的新加坡。继续局限在行动党的小圈圈思维里,这个小红点将飞不出李光耀的红色箱子。